original report`s layout have been
preserved as much as possible.
Some German expressions, and names of
organisations were kept for the sake of easier reference
being hindered by clumsy attempts
to translate them into English. The
author begs the dear Reader to overlook the possible errors and
welcomes any and all corrections and suggestions, especially concerning
spelling or translation mistakes. Email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tactical Trials with a captured Bf 109E-3 vs. French
fighters, see HERE.
Major Werner "Vati" Mölders,Kommodore of JG 51 during the
Battle of Britian,
participated in the comperative trials at E-Stelle Rechlin, during
which he flew both the Spitfire and the Hurricane, on which he
recalled, in agreement with the report below.
"It was very interesting to carry out the flight trials at Rechlin with
the Spitfire and the Hurricane. Both types are very simple to fly
compared to our aircraft, and childishly easy to take-off and land. The
Hurricane is good-natured and turns well, but its performance is
decidedly inferior to that of the Me 109. It has strong stick forces
and is "lazy" on the ailerons.
The Spitfire is one class better. It handles well,
is light on the controls, faultless in the turn and has a performance
approaching that of the Bf 109. As a fighting aircraft, however, it is
miserable. A sudden push forward on the stick will cause the Motor
cut; and because the propeller has only two pitch settings (take-off
and cruise), in a rapidly changing air combat situation the motor is
either overspeeding or else is not being used to the full."1
Mölders proved very successfull during the
Battle, despite a poor start on 28 July, when he lead his unit the
first time into combat, and was wounded in combat with Spitfires but
also shooting one down one in the confusion. During the Battle he was
victorious in 29 air combats against RAF fighters (14-14
aerial victories against Hurricanes and Spitfires,
and another against a FAF Curtiss), culminating on 31 August, when he
downed 3 Hurricanes
quick succession, repeating the same feat on 12 and on 22 October once
again; ulimately finishing the Battle
with 54 victories to his name.
Up to May 1941, when he was
to the Eastern Front, he downed further 13 Spitfires and Hurricanes - the friendly rivalry
between him and Galland's in scoring victories was legendary. His final
number of victories was raised to
victories in his later career as fighter pilot.2
also one of the first to test the new Bf 109 F-1 against the RAF during
the last phase of the battle, first on 6 October 1940.3
Kr.-Fernschr.Ob.d.L.,Führ.Stab Ia Nr.8092/40 g.K. (II)
(only to Lfl.3)
Comparison flight between Bf 109 E, Bf 110 C,
Spitfire, Hurricane and
the following the
performance- and air combat comparison that has been performed
at the E-Stelle Rechlin
between Bf 109 E and Bf 110 C
and the captured enemy fighters
Spitfire, Hurricane and Curtiss shall be brought
to acknowledgement. The results of
the comparison are to be announced
immediately to all Jagd- and Zerstörer units under
command, to guarantee the appropriate air combat behavior in the
engagements on the
basis of technical conditions.
Bf 109 E type clearly outperforms all foreign planes:
the Spitfire is at 0 m
at 4 km
by ca. 10 km/h,
Curtiss at 0 and 4 km
altitude by ca. 60
km/h. A similar superiority of the Bf 109 E
exists in the climb performance as well.
Climb times to 4 km:
Bf 109 E 4.4 min, Spitfire 5 min, Hurricane 5.6 min,
Curtiss 5.2 min.
Bf 110 C
is speed-wise inferior to the Spitfire, superior to the Curtiss
and Hurricane. Regarding the climb performance is the Curtiss equal at
up to 4 km
superior then inferior. Hurricane is inferior up to altitude 2 km, then
superior up to 6.5 km.
Spitfire is equal at
ground level, otherwise superior.
climb for Bf 109 E and Bf 110 C is achieved with shallow climb
and higher speeds
than at the enemy fighters. It is wrong to climb away steep or climb
enemy fighter with the same angle.
Before turning fights with the Bf 109 E type, it must be noted in every
all three foreign
planes have significantly smaller turning circles and turning times.
An attack on
the opponent as well as disengagement can only be accomplished on the
the following suggestions are given:
and partly the Hurricane have two-pitch propellers.
Climbing away with the Bf
109 and Bf 110 must be done with the best climbing speed or
even higher speeds of
about 280 – 300
On aircraft with two-pitch propellers with
low blade angle the engine will experience a very high over-revolution,
and on the other
hand with high blade angle high boost pressure – therefore in other
words, performance loss.
sudden push forward on stick to below, the carburetor of the enemy
fighters cuts out
due to the
negative acceleration. This [evasive] measure is also recommended.
ability of the enemy fighters at high speeds is worse than that of the
Quick changes of the trajectory along the vertical axis cause
especially with the
load changes around the cranial axis, coming from high longitudinal
thrust momemtum, and significantly disturb the aiming.
it can be said that all three enemy planes types are inferior to the
regarding the flying qualities. Especially the Spitfire has bad rudder and elevator
stability on the target approach. In addition the wing-mounted weapons
have the known
Lfl.Kdo.3/Führ.Abt./Ia. op 1
signed, K o
l l e r
1 - Quoted
from Page 61 - Osprey's
Aircraft of the Aces - 'Spitfire Mk.I/II Aces' by Dr. Alfred
ISBN 84-8372-207-0 2 - Aces of the
Luftwaffe - Werner "Vati" Mölders 3 - From Page 9
of 'Messerschmitt Bf109 F,G, and K:
Study' by Jochen Prien/Peter Rodeike. Schiffer Publishing 1993.
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